Brain drain in Nepal

Yashaswi Malla

10/13/2022 12:00:00 AM

The concept of brain drain dates back to the early 20th century, when people around the world, especially those in Europe, began migrating to faraway lands in search of better opportunities and well-being in life. Despite some differences, scholars have a common definition of brain drain. Brain  drain  is  an  international  flow  of  skilled  individuals from  developing  countries  especially  to  North  America (Glăvan, 2008).   

Additionally, it points out the movement of professionals and scholars from underdeveloped countries to industrialized countries. The drain effect, on the other hand, implies the departure of skilled people as a result of emigration. It refers to the return of advanced education, skills, technology, and human capital to the home country. The transfer of (semi)skilled people from Nepal to other countries in quest of better prospects and a higher quality of life is referred to as “brain drain” in the context of Nepal.

Nepal has been facing the issue of a need of work openings, which is why Nepali youthful individuals are willing to go overseas in search and hope of way better work opportunities, individual development, high-quality convenience or globalization and hunt for advanced technology. It is apparent that individuals start to compare and then seek to coordinate the same level of earning. This education-job-wage jumble eventually results in brain drain.

As a result, students and experts are going overseas  in more prominent numbers, indicating a lack of employment opportunities at homeland. Presently, Nepal is likely to challenge: out migration of talented specialists in crowds, as developed and developing nations that are quickly maturing due to declining richness and expanding life span have begun reaching out to educated Nepalis advertising profitable salaries.

If the homeland itself created opportunities in light of the growing number of individuals looking for work, this problem would be resolved. People should be able to readily work from outlying locations as well, which would ultimately favor Nepal’s sustainable growth. If possibilities were made available everywhere in the world, Nepal’s economy would likewise experience a sharp increase.

In addition, encouraging entrepreneurship in the younger generation is crucial to addressing the brain drain issue. Young people who have received an education are motivated and enthusiastic to share new company concepts. Individuals will have complete discretion over when, where, and/or how they wish to work thanks to a number of online job-providing platforms now. You get to set aside a certain number of hours each day for work.

Nobody is really that fascinated to move to a completely foreign place and leave behind their loved ones, family, friends, and acquaintances. It is important to make an effort to keep talented and educated employees by offering them better living conditions that will please and support their families.